Item ID: 8354 Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”]. MATCH MANUFACTURING.
Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”].
Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”].
Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”].
Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”].

Illustrated manuscript on paper, entitled “Seiyaku shodogu nyuyo no shina” [“Apparatus for Manufacturing Medicines [=Chemicals]”].

About 25 color paintings, some full-page, of chemical apparatus. 11 folding leaves of text. 8vo (270 x 190 mm.), orig. wrappers, stitched as issued. [Japan]: from outside of lower wrapper (in trans.): “copied October 1857.”

Sulfur matches have a long history in Asia, their use recorded in China in the sixth century. Demand for matches increased in Japan with the introduction of tobacco around 1570; by 1820 nearly the entire population of Tokyo smoked tobacco.

This is a fine and most interesting manuscript on the technical aspects of the industrial manufacture of sulfur and phosphorus, based on both Japanese and Western methods and tools. The first part of the text contains descriptions of Japanese apparatus that could be used, including a clay pot on top of a hibachi, filters made of silk, cotton gauzes, and chopsticks (metal and wood). There are further color illustrations, with written explanations on usage, of furnaces, roasters, ceramic beakers, distillation equipment, shovels and pliers, scales, tools for stirring, etc. There are explanations of the preparation of suhafuru (sulfur compounds), using rokuhan (melanterite).

The second half of the manuscript describes how to make the actual matches (hayatsukegi), using sulfur and hosuhoru (phosphorus compounds), arabiya komu (gum arabic), and sugar, all applied to the end of a cedar stick. An additional recipe includes the fire retardant myoban (alum). One of the text illustrations depicts the match itself.

Fine copy, preserved in a chitsu. The wrappers are somewhat wormed, and there is some minor worming in the text.

Price: $5,500.00

Item ID: 8354

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