68 parts & index in 35 vols. Large 8vo, orig. black semi-stiff wrappers, orig. block-printed title labels on upper covers (a few labels defective), new stitching. Kyoto: Nukata Shozaburo et al., 1770.
Second edition to be published in Japan; the first, appearing in 1679, was also published in Kyoto. Both editions include the foundational texts of the Yogacara School of Buddhism, known in Sanskrit as Vijnaptimatratasiddhi and in Chinese as Cheng weishi lun. These texts were extremely influential in the development of indigenous East Asian schools of Buddhism, including the establishment of the Hosso School in Japan, which represented the mainstream of Buddhist thought through the Nara period.
“The Yogacara school originated in India around the writings of Asanga and his half-brother Vasubandhu (fourth to fifth centuries CE), whose ideas were in turn based on texts such as the Samdhinirmocana-sutra [Eliminating the Hidden Connections], and portions of the Lankavatara-sutra [Sutra on Entering Lanka] and Avatamsaka-sutra [Flower Ornament Sutra]. These patriarchs were followed by well-known thinkers such as Sthiramati (sixth century), Paramartha (sixth century), and Dharmapala (seventh century). Yogacara and Madhyamika became the two most influential philosophical schools within the Mahayana tradition and were soon transmitted to China. Paramartha and Hsuan-tsang [Xuanzang. 600/02-64] played key roles in this transmission to China, where it eventually became best known as the Fa-hsiang [Faxiang; Jp. Hosso] school.”–James L. Ford, Jokei and Buddhist Devotion in Early Medieval Japan (O.U.P.), p. 36.
Yogacara came to Japan in the seventh century, introduced by the Japanese monk Dosho (629-700), who had studied under Xuanzang and with K’ue-chi.
Our edition, like the 1679 publication, was edited by Ryosan (active 1202-13), one of the leading disciples of Jokei (1155-1213), an early Kamakura-period monk of the Hosso school, the most influential of the six Nara schools of Buddhism up until that time. One of the prominent clerics of his age and a member of the still-powerful Fujiwara clan, Jokei was the preeminent Hosso scholar of his generation, writing numerous works on the school’s doctrines and Buddhist logic. He lived, studied, and lectured at Kofukuji Temple (1162-93), Kasagi-dera Temple (1193-1208), and Kaijusenji Temple (1208-13).
Ryosan was the final compiler of the Yuishikiron dogakusho, the massive encyclopedia of Hosso teachings, and assisted Jokei in his contributions to this text.
Fine and fresh set. There is no copy of this edition in WorldCat. The 1679 edition is nearly as rare.
Item ID: 8351