Item ID: 7951 Zhang shi yi tong [Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine]. Assisted by Deng Zhang & Zhuo Zhang. Lu ZHANG.
Zhang shi yi tong [Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine]. Assisted by Deng Zhang & Zhuo Zhang.
Zhang shi yi tong [Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine]. Assisted by Deng Zhang & Zhuo Zhang.
Zhang shi yi tong [Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine]. Assisted by Deng Zhang & Zhuo Zhang.

Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine

Zhang shi yi tong [Dr. Zhang’s Treatise on General Medicine]. Assisted by Deng Zhang & Zhuo Zhang.

16 [Yitong] & 4 parts [Benjing fengyuan] in 32 vols. 8vo, orig. wrappers, new stitching. [China]: Bao han lou, Prefaces dated 1709, 1693 (?), 1695, & 1699.

First edition and rare; this work is notable for its contributions to inoculation, pharmacology, and ophthalmology. Zhang (1617-1700), known as an “enlightened physician” (Bian) resided in Suzhou. He started his medical practice in the 1630s when just a teenager. A conservative in medical treatment, he was against the Confucianization of medicine in post-Conquest Jiangnan. “At the age of seventy-nine, Zhang Lu prepared to publish his collected treatises, titled Comprehensive Medicine (Yitong), with the help of his descendants. Covering a wide range of topics from comments on the Inner Canon to specialized treatments in ophthalmology and smallpox, Zhang was determined to emerge as an all-around virtuoso who also rigorously adhered to orthodoxy. In the volume, Zhang chose an appealing title for the chapters on general pharmacy: Encountering the Origin with the Bancao Classic (Benjing fengyuan)…

“Toeing the line of the rhetoric of antiquity championed by earlier authors such as Miao Xiyong and Lu Zhiyi, Zhang Lu’s bencao nevertheless offered much fresh insight into this contemporary practice in the busy commercial hub of Suzhou. He prescriptive style was remembered as eclectic and flexible. He was enthusiastic about novel cures and modern-day drugs that never appeared in ancient texts…

“Zhang Lu stressed that all innovations in medicine derived from a classical core of bencao: the regular use of a small number of material medica (∼300-400), whose truths had already been spelled out in the earliest textual records dating back a millennium.”–He Bian, Know Your Remedies. Pharmacy & Culture in Early Modern China (Princeton Univ. Press), pp. 111-12.

Many pharmacological recipes are given in this work. Zhang also describes the various methods of vaccination used by Chinese , including variolation, the deliberate infection with smallpox by blowing dried smallpox scabs into the nose of an individual, who then contracted a mild form of the disease.

Zhang also discusses obstetrical and gynecological matters, diseases of children, dermatological diseases, etc., etc.

A very good set, preserved in two hantao. A few minor defects touching text. Lacking printed leaf 113 in the sixth volume. Our set corresponds to the UC San Francisco set (WorldCat accession numbers: 914554193 & 1255361856).

❧ Needham & Lu, Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. 6, Part VI: Medicine (Ed. by Nathan Sivin), p. 121.

Price: $13,500.00

Item ID: 7951