Experimental Researches concerning the Philosophy of Permanent Colours; and the Best Means of producing Them, by Dyeing, Calico Printing, &c.

[iii]-lxi, [2], 542 pp.; 2 p.l., 518 pp. Two vols. 8vo, cont. polished calf (quite expertly rebacked), single gilt fillet round covers, spines gilt, contrasting morocco lettering pieces on spines. London: T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1813.

Second edition, greatly revised, "of an important book on the theoretical treatment of dyestuffs and methods and processes of dyeing. It is a serious scientific contribution to the subject, many years in advance of its time. Bancroft (1744-1821) was an American-born physician, one of the early ex-patriates, who spent most of his life abroad, especially in Dutch Guinea and Europe. He was an autodidact who went on to become a member of the Royal Society and the College of Surgeons. He was friendly with Priestley and Franklin, among others, and has a threefold claim to fame: He discovered the dyeing properties (yellow) of the inner bark of the American Black Oak (Quercus velutina), which he introduced and marketed in Europe; he published this book; and he was an independent double agent, spying (for pay) for both sides during the American War of Independence."­Ron, Bibliotheca Tinctoria, pp. 44-45­(1st ed. of 1794).

This new edition includes Bancroft's numerous discoveries made during travels in North and South America.

Fine copy from the library of Miss Frances Mary Richardson Currer (1785-1861), "England's earliest female bibliophile" (De Ricci), with her bookplate in each volume. Half-titles lacking.

D.N.B., I, pp. 1025-26­"a valuable account and discussion of the theory of colours and the methods of fixing them." Duveen, p. 639. Partington, III, pp. 515-16. Ron, Bibliotheca Tinctoria, 66. Cole describes the first edition and the 1814 American printing of our second edition.

Price: $1,850.00

Item ID: 739

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