Calendarium anni millesimi quadringentesimi undecimi ex laminis ligneis perantiquis in bibliotheca sua asservatis arte Lithographiae anno 1796 ab Aloisio Senefelder inventae. Carl Ehrenbert MOLL, comp, Freiherr von.
Calendarium anni millesimi quadringentesimi undecimi ex laminis ligneis perantiquis in bibliotheca sua asservatis arte Lithographiae anno 1796 ab Aloisio Senefelder inventae.
Calendarium anni millesimi quadringentesimi undecimi ex laminis ligneis perantiquis in bibliotheca sua asservatis arte Lithographiae anno 1796 ab Aloisio Senefelder inventae.

An “Incunable” of Lithography

Calendarium anni millesimi quadringentesimi undecimi ex laminis ligneis perantiquis in bibliotheca sua asservatis arte Lithographiae anno 1796 ab Aloisio Senefelder inventae.

Ten lithographed leaves, seven of which are facsimile illustrations from the calendar. 4to, orig. wrappers. [Münich: printed by Michael Oppel for Hermann Mitterer, 1814].

First edition of this “incunable” of lithography; it is very rare, printed in a few copies only for private circulation. Moll (1760-1838), the sponsor of this work, was a mineralogist, founding editor of the important journal Jahrbücher der Berg und Hüttenkunde, high civil servant, vice president of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, and an ardent collector of 80,000 books. He toured the Alps with Hacquet, formed a magnificent natural history cabinet, and engaged in extended correspondence with many of the leading scientists and notables of Europe and elsewhere (including Thomas Jefferson in Virginia).

This book is characteristic of the earliest production of books by lithography: “published in small editions, many of them on an informal basis…from Munich, which was the birthplace of lithography.”–Twyman, Early Lithographed Books, p. 39. It was printed by Prof. Hermann Josef Mitterer of the Feiertagsschule für Künstler und Techniker. “Under Mitterer’s guidance lithography made great progress, and he played a leading role in Munich as a popularizer of the art and as a sponsor of artists…Mitterer’s other main contribution to lithography was that in 1805 he invented the cylinder or star-wheel press, which Senefelder considered to have been the only improvement to his invention which had not stemmed directly or indirectly from him.”–Twyman, Lithography 1800-1850, pp. 19-20.

Fine copy. Our copy is inscribed on the dedication leaf, presumably in Moll’s hand, to “Bibliothecae Caesarese Vindobonensi.” The Österreichische Nationalbibliothek has another, similarly inscribed copy on its shelves (which has been digitized), bound in a library binding with its stamp on the verso of the title. Clearly, after Moll discovered his duplicate inscription, he never sent our copy to Vienna. The ÖNB has no record of owning two copies of this book.

❧ Ferchl, Geschichte der Errichtung der ersten lithographischen Kunstanstalt bei der Feiertagsschule für Künstler und Techniker in München, p. 62. Houzeau & Lancaster 14408–“Cet ouvrage n’a pas été dans le commerce.”.

Price: $1,500.00

Item ID: 7235