Manuscript on paper entitled on label of upper cover “Kyoinsai seikotsu shinshi” [“Kyoinsai’s Hands-on Orthopedic Manipulations”].

27 folding leaves. 8vo (234 x 158 mm.), orig. wrappers, manuscript title label on upper cover, new stitching. [Japan]: on final page, in trans.: “Copied 1854 by Wakabayashi in [today’s] Tottori Prefecture, a member of the Shinshoken.”

Manipulative therapy has a long history in Japan. “Healing of the sick through rubbing of the body was known to the earliest Japanese physicians, who brought the art to a high state of development. Massage was early (pre-Nara period) linked with the treatment of fractures and bandaging, and remained one of the chief factors in the care of the body, sharing with mineral baths, acupuncture, gymnastics, and ‘deep breathing’ in the preliminary development of physical therapy in Japan…The achievements and learning in the practice of massage also contributed to the establishment in the latter part of the 17th century of the ‘Seikotsu-Jutsu,’ which was a system of treatment for fractures and dislocations.”–Mestler, A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books, II, pp. 484-85.

Gento Yoshiwara (d. 1800), was one of the three most important orthopedic specialists in Japan during the final years of the 18th century, along with Bunken Kagami and Genka Ninomiya. Yoshiwara, whose trade name or mark was “Kyoinsai,” studied both Dutch medicine in Nagasaki and Chinese medicine, and was greatly influenced by the Chinese Dao yin treatment of massage and exercise. Unlike the works of Kagami and Ninomiya, Yoshiwara’s most important work — “Seikotsu yoketsu” — remained in manuscript, as it was restricted to students of Yoshiwara’s school; the present manuscript contains a reworking of that text. The beginning of the main part of the text, on the fifth leaf, provides the name of Yoshiwara and the location of his school in Hizen province (today’s Nagasaki Prefecture), and the name of two disciples, Wada and Abe.

The text describes 13 types of treatment in detail including treatments of dislocated shoulders, fingers, and jaws; spinal stretching, dealing with hip problems, etc. Many of these treatments have rather fanciful names: “Windmill,” “Bear Hug,” “Bird’s Wing,” “Control the Wind,” “Crane Feather,” “Playing with a Fish,” “Worm,” “Playing with a Jewel,” “Tail of the Bird,” “The Snail Method,” “Riding on the Dragon,” “Swallow’s Tail,” etc.

Some relatively minor worming at the beginning, and light marginal dampstaining.

❧ Mestler, A Galaxy of Old Japanese Medical Books, III, p. 152.

Price: $2,250.00

Item ID: 7114

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