The “Robin Hood” Doctor of Osaka

Baryo chohoki [or] Uma ryoji chohoki [Collection of Treatments to Improve the Health of the Horse].

14 full-page woodcuts of the horse & its anatomy. 87 folding leaves. Oblong small 8vo, orig. wrappers (blue paper cover for upper wrapper defective, wrappers rubbed & tired), new stitching. Kyoto: Zeniya, 1772.

First edition of this rare — WorldCat locates only two copies — and posthumously published work on veterinary medicine. Kitayama (d. 1701), was regarded as the finest medical physician of his time in Osaka. His father was a Chinese herbal doctor and Juan studied medicine at Nagasaki. He introduced innovative medical care to the city and, when treating rich patients, demanded high fees in order to treat the poor for free and supply them with food. He wrote a series of medical and veterinary works.

This work is concerned with the medical care of horses, in which acupuncture and moxibustion play a large role. Kitayama describes how to take the pulse of the horse and how to treat diseased organs. At the beginning of this work, there is an extremely useful index describing symptoms, with references to page number. There are sections on parasites in the digestive tract; which kind of needle to use in acupuncture; pharmacological recipes, diseases of the skin, eyes, and kidneys; joint diseases; snake bites; treating a horse gored by a bull; tumors; wound treatment; insect bites; diseases of the hooves; the five rules of the enema; seven rules of treating fevers; blindness; etc.

The 14 fine woodcuts depict pressure points on the horse, the five chief internal organs (lung, heart, liver, spleen, and kidney), etc.

Very good copy. There is some mostly marginal worming to the last twenty leaves.

Price: $3,000.00

Item ID: 6481