…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop. GALEN.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.
…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.

Heavily Annotated Medical Books in a
“Plaque” Binding by André Boule

…De Affectorum locorum notitia, Libri Sex. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop.

Title within woodcut frame containing portraits of Galen & Hippocrates & the arms of France. 138, [4] leaves. Small 4to, cont. “plaque” binding of brown calf over boards, panelled in blind & bearing the name of the bookseller & binder André Boule (“Andri Boule”) on both covers (carefully rebacked & with careful repairs to the edges of the binding). Paris: H. Estienne, [1513].

[bound with]:

—. …De Differentiis Foebrium Libri Duo. Trans. by Lorenzo Lorenziani. Title with large woodcut of a saint. 38, [4] leaves. Small 4to. Paris: H. Estienne, [date at end: 20 Dec. 1512].

[bound with]:

HIPPOCRATES. Hippocratis Coi Presagiorum Libri Tres. Eiusdem de Ratione Victus in Morbis Acutis Libri Quatuor. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop. 24 (i.e. 34) leaves. Small 4to. [Paris: H. Estienne, Preface dated 10 April 1511].

[bound with]:

PAULUS, AEGINETA. …Precepta Salubria. Trans. by Wilhelm Cop. Title with large woodcut of a saint (the same as the second work of this sammelband). 38 (of 40 leaves, lacking d1 & d8). Small 4to. [From the final leaf: Paris: H. Estienne, 16 April 1512].

A remarkable discovery: the four classical medical works in this sammelband, all published by Henri Estienne in the early years of his career, have been heavily annotated by Guillaume Dupuis (active 1536-51), who published several notable works on phlebotomy. Additionally, this group of books has been bound in a rare “plaque” binding which bears the name of the bookseller and binder André Boule, who was active as a bookseller and publisher in Paris from 1500 to 1523. There are about 50 surviving such “plaque” bindings signed by Boule, all of which have been restored (ours has been carefully rebacked and with the edges repaired).

ANNOTATIONS: The title page of the first work bears the signature of “Guilielmus Puteanus Picardus.” This was Guillaume Dupuis, a medical doctor from Blangy-sur-Ternoise (in ancient Picardy). He studied in Paris, practiced in Grenoble and also taught at the city’s university. He signed his works published in Lyons as “Guilielmus Puteanus Blangiacus.” He was an advocate for Hippocrates and against Galen.

Dupuis has thoroughly and heavily annotated in a legible hand in brown ink the first three works; in many cases the margins of the pages are completely covered with his notes. Dupuis has also made many interlinear notes. I have rarely seen medical works so thoroughly annotated. While the text of the fourth work has not been worked on by Dupuis, he had made a series of dense notes on the blank verso of the final leaf.

Dupuis had a son, Louis (d. ca. 1570), who was also a doctor. He taught medicine at Paris and Poitier. Some of the annotations in this work may be by him.

The first, third, and fourth works were translated from the Greek by Wilhelm (or Guillaume) Cop (d. 1532), who studied at the University of Basel and took his medical degree in Paris in 1496. He became a regent of the university, taught at the medical school, and was physician to the German nation. From 1512 he was personal physician to Louis XII and was retained by François I in the same post. Cop’s dominant ties were with the Paris humanist circles. He studied Greek with Lascaris, treated his friends Lefèvre d’Etaples and Erasmus as patients, and worked closely with Budé. Cop’s translations of Greek medical works were held in high esteem by Erasmus, Beatus Rhenanus, and other contemporaries. See Bietenholz, ed., Contemporaries of Erasmus, Vol. 1, pp. 336-37.

The translation and commentary of the second work is by the Florentine Lorenzo Lorenziani (d. ca. 1515), Italian humanist who specialized in the translation of Greek medical texts.

The first work is a pioneering treatise on pathology, in which the second-century Greek physician shows his familiarity with cholera, hydrophobia, malaria, as well as the relations of urinary calculi to the kidney and bladder. Cop’s translation of this work was transmitted throughout the Renaissance (see Schreiber, The Estiennes, no. 20). The second work is on varieties of fevers and the third is concerned with Hippocrates’s writings on predicting illness. The final work is the Latin translation of Book One of Paulus Aegineta’s De Re Medica, which is concerned with obstetrics and pediatrics.

BINDING: the binding is a fine example of a “reliure à plaque” by André Boule, with his blindstamped name (“Andri Boule”) on the upper and lower covers. The binding was executed before 1523. The upper cover has been panelled in blind and depicts Christ on the cross withe Saint Thomas Aquinas on one side and Saint Catherine of Siena on the other. The lower cover has been panelled in blind and depicts the martyr Saint Sebastian.

We know of about fifty “reliures à plaque” signed by Boule, all of which have been restored to one degree or another. Most of them contain religious works or treatises on ecclesiastical law. This is the only one known to contain medical works and is unknown to Gid and Laffitte. According to them, there is only one example in the United States, in the Spencer Collection of the New York Public Library.

PROVENANCE: Docteur Lucien-Graux, sale catalogue 1954, I, lot 106, with his bookplate. The catalogue did not identify the annotator of this work.

Nice copies. A few minor stains and defects. Later, sympathetic, endpapers.

❧ Renouard (Estienne), p. 15, no. 8; p. 12, no. 10; p. 12, no. 9; p. 12, no. 11. Gid & Laffitte, Les Reliures à plaques françaises (1997), see no. 67, pp. 97-103 & no. 195, pp. 286-290. Gruel, I, p. 59.

Price: $29,500.00

Item ID: 6421

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